Almost everyone has some kind of problem with the way their skin looks at some point in their lives. It's common to struggle with acne, fine lines, wrinkles, and other frustrating skin conditions like eczema. The advice given to you by your friends or family may be helpful sometimes, but other times it only adds to your frustration because they don't have anything remotely similar to what you're going through.
I'm sure that you've just read a ton of blogs on how you should take care of your skin, how to get rid of acne, and how to prevent it in the first place. But that's all bull. You need a blog post on your skincare routine if you have acne. This way, you don't have to wonder what products to use when you suffer from pimples on your face, chest, or back.
This article provides young adults and teenagers with advice on creating a skincare routine for acne-prone skin so your face can clear up quickly, easily, and naturally.
What is acne, and how is it caused
Acne is most common in adolescents, but anyone can get acne. Acne is a skin condition that affects the oil glands of the skin and hair follicles. Pimples, cysts, whiteheads, and blackheads can develop when these areas become inflamed or infected.
Acne is a very common condition that affects most people at some point in their lives. It causes spots to develop on the skin, usually on the face, back and chest. The spots vary in size and intensity from small and white to large and solid, painful lumps which can affect your self-esteem and confidence.
There are four main types of acne: whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and nodules.
- Whiteheads are small bumps with a white center (pus), which form when dead skin cells clog your pores.
- Blackheads are black spots with a dark center (pus), which form when sebum (oil) builds up in your pores.
- Pimples are inflamed red bumps on your skin that can be filled with pus or not. When the inflammation is deep in your skin, it's called cystic acne or nodules.
- Cystic acne: These hard and painful bumps can feel like a marble under the skin — they occur when the oil, dead skin, and bacteria penetrate deeper into the skin.
To prevent acne, start with knowing your skin type
If you want to prevent acne, the first step is to learn more about your skin type. There are 4 main types of skin that can be prone to developing acne:
- Normal skin – this type of skin is not often prone to acne. The pores are clear, and the complexion is even. Normal skin can still develop one or two pimples now and again, but these tend to last for only a few days.
- Dry skin – Dry skin is often prone to getting scaly, flaky patches. This can also develop into eczema or dermatitis. Dry skin feels tight and often has red patches on the cheeks. Dry skin can also be itchy and sensitive, and it's usually prevalent amongst people with allergies.
- Oily skin – oily skin produces excess sebum, which can help prevent the development of wrinkles and improve the appearance of the complexion. However, excess sebum production can cause oily skin to become shiny and greasy, resulting in acne outbreaks.
- Combination Skin – Combination skin is made up of two different skin types on different areas of the face.
Skincare routine for acne
The proper skin care routine for acne prone skin can help reduce acne breakouts. Use the following tips and products to keep your skin healthy and clean.
- Wash your face twice a day (no more) with warm water and a mild facial cleanser. Gently massage your face with circular motions. Don't scrub. Rinse with plenty of warm water, and pat dry with a soft towel.
- Resist the urge to scrub your skin clean. Scrubbing irritates the skin and can make acne worse.
- It's essential to use a toner after cleansing your face. Toners restore the skin's pH balance, disrupted by the acidity in foaming cleansers. Look for a toner with glycerine or aloevera to moisturize and soothe your complexion if you have dry skin. If you have oily or acne-prone skin, look for an alcohol-free formula containing salicylic acid, a natural ingredient derived from willow bark that removes excess oil and gently exfoliates.
- Exfoliating helps remove dead skin cells and dirt from deep within your pores. It also makes it easier for moisturizers to penetrate the surface of your skin so they can work better. When choosing an exfoliant, look for one containing alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), which help even out skin tone and texture. Avoid products that contain beta-hydroxy acid (BHA). Unlike AHAs, BHA is an irritant that can cause dryness and other side effects.
- Use oil-free cosmetics that won't clog your pores or irritate your skin if you wear makeup. Look for labels that say non-comedogenic or non-acnegenic. If you have acne on your body, avoid wearing tight clothes that trap sweat and oil against the skin.
- Use a retinoid product. Retinoid are derived from vitamin A, which helps skin cells turn over quickly. They work by dissolving the top layer of dead skin cells and allowing newer, healthier skin to emerge. They also help regulate oil production within your pores.
Kailon's Hydration Serum with retinol liposomes treats acne by inhibiting the growth of Propionibacterium and by reducing keratin production.
- Try not to touch, pick, or squeeze pimples or acne sores on your face. This can worsen acne by driving infected material deeper into the skin, spreading the infection to other parts of the face, or causing scars.
- If you have long hair, shampoo daily and keep hair away from your face as much as possible. Oils in hair care products can block pores in areas where they are applied or transferred by contact with clothing or pillowcases.
- Acne may be aggravated by stress, so try to get enough sleep each night and take time out.
- Stay hydrated. Keeping skin hydrated may help combat the excess oil that leads to acne. However, there's limited research to back this up. Still, there's no harm in sticking to the 8×8 rule (drinking eight 8-ounce / 250 ml glasses a day).
Hopefully, you have learned enough in this article to make a better-informed decision when choosing a skin care routine for acne, for your skin type. There is no excuse for not taking care of yourself with so many skincare options available today. Of course, the products and routines in this article are only suggestions – what works for someone else may not work for you. So ask around and do some research until you find something that works for you. And yes, have patience, give the routine time to work.
There is no one-size-fits-all approach to skincare, and for many people, a regimen tailored to their individual skin type will be the best path to clear skin. Whether you suffer from oily or dry skin, or acne or eczema, there are measures you can take (from diet and exercise to anti-inflammatory supplements) that may help reduce both the frequency and severity of your flare-ups. At Kailon, we understand this and have created personalized skincare recipes. It all starts with understanding your skin type. Answer a few simple questions to help our experts understand your skin type and suggest products accordingly. Click here.